Since 2015, a variety of advancements have been made in the treatment of keratoconus, enhancing both the effectiveness and the range of treatment options available. Here are some of the notable developments:
Improved Corneal Cross-Linking (CXL):
Better oxygen availability and riboflavin permeability during treatment.
Iontophoresis-Assisted CXL (I-CXL):
A non-invasive alternative to standard CXL for a more comfortable treatment.
Combined Topography-Guided PRK and CXL:
Promising results in corneal flattening and stabilizing keratoconus progression.
Intracorneal Ring Segments:
Effective option for reshaping the cornea and improving vision now exist.
New Contact Lens Designs:
Better fitting and more comfortable options for patients.
Early Detection and Screening:
Allows for earlier intervention and potentially better long-term visual outcomes.
Ongoing research into medicines that may manage or slow keratoconus progression.
New Surgical Techniques:
Methods like “biological covering” with a lamellar corneal graft for treating acute total keratoconus.